Sebastian Schultz » Information » African Instruments the Kuduzela

African Instruments the Kuduzela

Country of origin
The kudu horn originates from Africa. The kudu is widespread over Africa, extending to the Indian sub-continent and Arabia, and Jewish people use the kudu horn for religious purposes, as a “shofar.” The shofar is blown during services like Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur.

Physical description
The kudu horn is made from the horns of the lesser kudu. The elegant spiral horns of the lesser kudu are hollowed out to make the wind instrument called the kudu horn. The kudu horns are played by blowing into them trumpet style in a hole near the top of it.

Traditional use
In Africa horns are used as honey containers and musical instruments. The horns are thought to be the homes of powerful spirits.The horns of a kudu hollowed out as an aerophone are used to call scout camps and training courses together. In 1907 at Brownsea Island the first scouts were all woken by Baden-Powell’s kudu horn every morning.In the 1980s, in what is now Zimbabwe, Baden-Powell fought in the Matabele campaign. The Matabele warriors had a special way of military signaling, using the kudu horn to send coded messages over long distances. In some communities the kudu horn has been used to call people together for gatherings at the royal house or for a community gathering, but also as a call to battle. The kudu horn is also used in ceremonies in Swaziland along with other musical instruments.

Interesting facts
Today a lot of training grounds and scout camps still use the kudu horn to signal to scouts and campers.
The South African National Parks and FNB believe that the kudu horn or kuduzela will becoame as popular as the vuvuzela amongst soccer and other sport fans.
FNB has promised that 6% of the cost of the kuduzela will be given to South African National Parks.
The kudu horn is said to be the ancestor of the vuvuzela.
The isiXhosa word for the kudu horn is ixilongo.

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